How to write a Research Paper

Research papers are published in journals which reviews the existing solutions or new solutions or totally a new findings. It is a process of interpreting own findings or arguments. Before preparing the manuscript perform some initial review about the originality of your idea. Self evaluate the answers to strengthen the work.


Choose an effective title, which should be informative and attractive. The title should always reflect the contents of the research paper. Avoid including abbreviations in the title.


Abstract should clearly detail the background, methods performed and the main results. Abstract should have specific information and not a detailed one. Avoid useless phrases in the abstract. Do not cite any reference papers in the abstract.


Choose the relevant keywords suitable for the paper. Choose relevant words so that the paper can be categorised effectively. Abbreviations can be included in the keywords.


Introduction of the paper should clearly explain the problem and the need for the work. Sufficient background information should be detailed about the existing work, solutions provided by the researchers, limitations of those works if any and the achievements expected in the proposed work. Relevant references have to be cited in the appropriate place instead of specifying 'few papers' or 'few researchers'.

Proposed Methodology

This part has to be clearly structured and organised by specifying the sufficient information about the proposed work. Various methodologies or techniques applied has to be stated clearly. The detailed flow of the experiments and its performance analysis of the proposed algorithm has to be clearly explained.


This section details the findings of the performed work. The obtained results and its comparison with the existing publication, statistical analysis, proved theorem has to be explained clearly. Represent the collected information in the form of figures or tables which improves clarity. Do not repeat the table in the form of a graph also, use either graph or table for a single data. Discuss the results clearly using quantitative descriptions rather than qualitative description.


The conclusion should specify the improvement obtained from this work from the known existing results. Include precise and specific conclusion that related to the objectives of the work. Clearly indicate the application of the work and also the limitations of the work. Also specify the future enhancement that can be performed in this work. Do not repeat or summarize the entire paper.


Acknowledge the people who have helped during the work in this section. Also the funding agencies have to be acknowledged if any. Reviewers and editors also can be acknowledged, especially for revised papers.


Cite the references clearly and correctly. Follow the Vancouver system or Harvard system of reference, but strictly adhere to the specification provided by the journals guide for authors. Do not cite the references at the end of the sentence always. If more than 3 authors, then specify the name of the first author followed by et al.